A Complete Guide To Pruning And Trimming Trees
Pruning and trimming trees is a necessary part of tree care. Not only does it remove dead or diseased branches, but it also keeps the tree healthy and looking its best. Proper pruning also encourages new growth, which can help the tree recover from storm damage or other injuries.
There are two main types of pruning: formative and corrective. Formative pruning is done to shape the tree as it grows, while corrective pruning is done to remove problem branches or correct structural problems. Corrective pruning should be done by a certified arborist, as improper cuts can seriously damage the tree.
Formative pruning is usually done on young trees, although it can also be used to shape mature trees. The goal of formative pruning is to create a strong, symmetrical structure that will withstand the elements and the weight of the tree’s foliage. To do this, arborists make cuts that encourage new growth in the desired direction.
Corrective pruning is done to remove problem branches or correct structural problems. This type of pruning should only be done by a certified arborist, as improper cuts can seriously damage the tree.
Some common reasons for corrective pruning include:
- Remove branches that are rubbing against each other
- Remove branches that are growing into the tree’s trunk
- Remove branches that are dead or diseased
- Remove branches that are crossing or growing in the wrong direction
Several different pruning techniques can be used, depending on the type of tree and the desired goal.
Some common pruning techniques include:
Thinning is a technique that is used to remove some of the branches from a tree. This is often done to reduce the weight of the tree’s foliage, which can help to prevent storm damage. It can also be used to increase air circulation and sunlight penetration, which can improve the tree’s overall health.
Heading is a technique that is used to shorten branches. This is often done to control the shape of the tree or to encourage new growth in the desired direction.
Drop crotch is a technique that is used to remove branches that are growing in the wrong direction. This type of pruning is often done to improve the tree’s overall structure.
There are a variety of different tools that can be used for pruning, depending on the size and type of tree. Some common pruning tools include:
Hand pruners are small, handheld cutting tools that are designed for smaller branches. They can be used for both formative and corrective pruning.
Loppers are larger cutting tools that can be used for medium-sized branches. They usually have long handles that provide extra leverage, making them ideal for tougher cuts.
Pruning saws are designed for larger branches. They come in a variety of different sizes and styles, including hand saws, pole saws, and chainsaws.
When To Prune
The best time to prune depends on the type of tree and the desired goal. For most trees, the best time to prune is in late winter or early spring, before new growth begins. This is because the tree is dormant during this time and can better tolerate the stress of pruning. However, there are some exceptions to this rule. For example, fruit trees should be pruned in late winter or early spring, while deciduous trees should be pruned in late summer or early fall.
– Always use sharp, clean cutting tools to avoid damaging the tree.
– Make sure that you know what you’re doing before you start pruning. Improper cuts can seriously damage the tree. If you’re not sure how to properly prune a tree, consult a certified arborist.
– Be careful not to over-prune. Removing too many branches can stress the tree and make it more susceptible to disease and pests.
– Pruning can be a daunting task, but it’s important to remember that trees are resilient and can tolerate a fair amount of pruning. If you make a mistake, don’t worry – the tree will likely recover. Just be sure to take your time and be careful.
Pruning is an important part of tree care. Proper pruning can help to improve the tree’s health, structure, and appearance. When pruning, always use sharp, clean cutting tools and be sure to know what you’re doing before you start. If you’re not sure how to properly prune a tree, consult a certified arborist. Or better check out The Yard hedge trimming.